Author: Webcore Staff

Last modified: Aug. 12, 2015, 3:44 p.m.

A database is a collection of information that is organised so that it can easily be accessed, managed, and updated. The following are step by step guides to install the most popular databases on Centos and Ubuntu.

Install MySQL on Centos

Install mysql mysql-server:

yum install mysql mysql-server

chkconfig --level 2345 mysqld on; service mysqld start

mysql -u root

Now start mysqld the MySQL server daemon:

chkconfig --level 2345 mysqld on; service mysqld start

Login as root to MySQL server:

mysql -u root

Delete ALL users who are not root:

mysql; delete from mysql.user where not (host="localhost" and user="root");
Query OK, 5 rows affected (0.15 sec)
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Change root database admin password:

mysql; SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('mypass');

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)


Anonymous access is enabled by default. Remove anonymous access to the database byt entering the following:

mysql; DELETE FROM mysql.user WHERE User = '';
Query OK, 2 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)


Now add a new user with admin priveleges for all databases:

mysql; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'warren'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'mypass' WITH GRANT OPTION;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)


Add a MySQL database:

mysql; create database webcorecloud;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.15 sec)

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> quit  

Install MySQL on Ubuntu

To install MySQL, open terminal and type in these commands:

sudo apt-get install mysql-server libapache2-mod-auth-mysql php5-mysql

Once you have installed MySQL, activate it with this command:

sudo mysql_install_db

Finish the install by running the MySQL set up script:

sudo /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation

Install PostgreSQL on Centos

Configure your YUM repository

edit: /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo, [base] and [updates] sections


Install PGDG RPM file

yum localinstall

Install PostgreSQL

yum list postgres*

yum install postgresql94-server

Data Directory

The PostgreSQL data directory contains all of the data files for the database. The variable PGDATA is used to reference this directory.

For PostgreSQL version 9.0 and above, the default data directory is:


Initialise PostgreSQL

The first command (only needed once) is to initialize the database in PGDATA.

service <name> initdb

E.g. for version 9.4:

service postgresql-9.4 initdb

If the previous command did not work, try directly calling the setup binary, located in a similar naming scheme:

/usr/pgsql-y.x/bin/postgresqlyx-setup initdb

E.g. for version 9.4:

/usr/pgsql-9.4/bin/postgresql94-setup initdb

RHEL 7.1+ and CentOS 7.1+ are a bit different. Use:

postgresql-setup initdb

Start on boot

If you want PostgreSQL to start automatically when the OS starts:

chkconfig <name> on

E.g. for version 9.4:

chkconfig postgresql-9.4 on

Install PostgreSQL on Ubuntu


To install use the command line and type:

sudo apt-get install postgresql postgresql-contrib

This will install the latest version available in your Ubuntu release and the commonly used add-ons for it.


pgAdmin III is a handy GUI for PostgreSQL, it is essential to beginners. To install it, type at the command line:

sudo apt-get install pgadmin3

Basic Server Setup

To start off, we need to change the PostgreSQL postgres user password; we will not be able to access the server otherwise. As the “postgres” Linux user, we will execute the psql command.

In a terminal, type:

sudo -u postgres psql postgres

Set a password for the "postgres" database role using the command:

\password postgres

and give your password when prompted. The password text will be hidden from the console for security purposes.

Type Control+D to exit the posgreSQL prompt.

Create database

To create the first database, which we will call "mydb", simply type:

sudo -u postgres createdb mydb

Install Server Instrumentation (for PgAdmin) for Postgresql 8.4 or 9.3

PgAdmin requires the installation of an add-on for full functionality. The "adminpack" addon, which it calls Server Instrumentation, is part of postgresql-contrib, so you must install that package if you haven't already:

sudo apt-get install postgresql-contrib

Then to activate the extension, for ""Postgresql 8.4"", run the adminpack.sql script, simply type:

sudo -u postgres psql < /usr/share/postgresql/8.4/contrib/adminpack.sql

For "Postgresql 9.3"+ install the adminpack "extension" in the "postgres" database:

sudo -u postgres psql